Howa Hogue Rifle

Choosing the Best Coyote Gun for the Money

Hard economic times for most of us hence every dollar you spend you will like it to account to something. Well here are few basic things that are a must to consider before you buy yourself that coyote rifle:

  • Weight and Speed: – you are not going to require considerable ammo as you hunt the coyote as this can interfere with your accuracy. The gun you require must be as lightweight as could be normal the situation being what it is and one that passes on correct shots. Since these coyotes can dodge a shot at long extents of even 100 meters when they see a person is in pursuit additionally the shot must be brisk and the rifle to release such shots ought to be particularly correct. The best coyote weapons that are fit for making a segment of the best hunt will have speeds that are speedier than 910m/s.

Savage Axis

  • Limited Shot infiltration: – coyote hunting is not easy hence you will need security meaning self-assurance from the pivotal turning point. Despite the fact that in the vital crossroads you really require the shot to pulverize the animal, the best coyote guns on the better side are those that don’t infiltrate these varmints so significantly. Basically couple of lightweight projectiles concentrated on the right spot will bring the animal down if shot with precision on the right spot.
  • Accuracy:-long range, short and precision are key for a vermin rifle
  • Velocity:- the rifle ought to have the capacity to drive the shot at an exceptionally beat speed for a beyond any doubt murder case 1,200 FPS

4 Cheap & Top Quality Coyote Rifles

1. Howa Hogue Rifle

Howa Hogue Rifle

You can purchase this rifle at an online store for as low as $ 460-$470. Comes with some really awesome features too:-

  • comes in short-action
  • long-action and magnum chamberings
  • built to truly withstand the elements and abuse outdoors
  • paired with a free-floated blued 22-inch standard barrel
  • boasts a two-stage match-quality trigger
  • three-position safety and a forged
  • One-piece bolt with two locking lugs

2. H&R 187 Handi- Rifle Synthetic

H&R 187 Handi- Rifle Synthetic

This tear open single shot is worked of a high-thickness matte dark polymer Monte Carlo stock and forend is matched with a blued barrel that can match up the elements.

It is outfitted with H&R’s Exchange Bar Framework which makes for a strong and safe bolt up. Calibers are accessible in an extensive variety of deer-suited offerings relying upon whether you’ll be hunting normally short-range whitetail woods and nourishment plots where the 44 Mag, .357 Mag, 444 Marlin and .45/70 Govt will work.

You can buy this for as cheap as $250 and it is a quality gun.

3. Marlin X7 Scoped Combo

Just for $440 and you have rifle delivered to you with everything intact you just have to pull the trigger what more could you possibly bargain for?

Has the following features:-

  • premounted and bore-sighted 3-9x40mm scope
  • a precision button rifled barrel with target-style recessed crown
  • a fluted bolt for smooth cycling
  • a pillar bedded stock
  • a Pro-Fire adjustable trigger
  • Soft-Tech recoil pad
  • black synthetic stock.

4. Remington Model 770 Stainless Camo

Remington Model 770 Stainless Camo

This is another better deer rifle it has all the accuracy you will need and comes with a high-end look to boot. Has these great features such as:-

  • a barrel of stainless steel
  • nickel-plated action
  • bolt with a stock finished in Realtree AP HD camo
  • the bolt is set at an easy camming 60 degrees
  • the barrel is button-rifled with six grooves
  • a detachable magazine holds four standard cartridges
  • 3 Magnum ones
  • It is complete factory-mounted
  • bore-sighted 3-9x40mm scope

At a comfortable price of only $ 460 or even less.

Best Riflescopes

1. Monarch 7 3-12X56 SF IL R4

This scope has some of the best key features:-Monarch 7 3-12X56 SF IL R4

  • In the field of view is outstanding in width
  • good resolution and brilliance
  • has fully multicoated lenses maximize light transmission
  • bright images & crystal clear
  • well balanced in color
  • etched glass reticle to ensure durability
  • one-piece 30 mm tube
  • quick-focus eyepiece that ensures long eye relief makes accurate targeting easy throughout the magnification range
  • Windage and elevation adjustments feature an instant zero reset function
  • Adjustable brightness in 32 gradual increments. You will get this device at a price range of $1,090-$1,100

2. ATN X-Sight 5-18 Smart Rifle Scope

ATN X-Sight 5-18 Smart Rifle ScopeIf you will be doing coyote hunting at night then this is the best night vision scope for you rifle. It comes with the following key features:-

  • Wi-Fi
  • GPS
  • E-Compass
  • geotag option
  • records your altitude
  • measures velocity does this with perfect accuracy.
  • the hunter can record videos/take photos be it at night or day
  • images and video are in 1080p HD and high resolution.

3. Firefield FF16001 NVRS 3x 42mm (night vision scope)

Firefield FF16001 NVRS 3x 42mm Gen 1 Night Vision

It is a good quality scope for lower price you get going for a price of only $340.  Comes with great features such as:-

  • a high 3x magnification for viewing long distance
  • titanium body
  • very lightweight
  • ergonomic design ensures comfort use
  • weaver rail mount
  • buit-in IR and high power IR illuminator
  • High quality resolution
  • offers the reticle brightness adjustment and controls

4. Armasight Nemesis 6x-SD

This is quite pricy but has everything you would wish for a rifle scope. At cost of $1,200 you get:-

  • impressive 6x magnification with 6.5 degrees FOV
  • shock protected with an all glass IR transmission
  • multi-coated optics system
  • has a bright source protection with the Auto Bright Control system.
  • illuminated center red cross reticle makes it easier to pinpoint your
  • controls and adjustments are very simplistic
  • scope is waterproof
  • has a handy flip-up and back-up iron sight
  • mounts are the standard weaver rails
  • detachable infrared illuminator
  • 60 hour battery life
  • 2 year warranty

Recommended Rifle/Gun Safe

Manufacturers Product Features
Liberty:- this company is the largest domestic home safe gun manufactures.

1. Fat Boy Jr. Series 48-Gun Safe



































































2. Liberty Revere RV23


  • Includes Liberty’s 60 minute fire package @1200°F or 83,000 BTUs, which is more fireboard than the competition
  • Three layers on the ceiling, door jambs and door with two layers on the walls
  • Palusol heat-expanding seal included on all models, expanding up to 7 times it size in a fire at 212°F. Don’t settle for inferior door seals used on cheaper safes.


  • awarded UL Residential Security Container burglary classification
  • Thicker 11 guage steel makes it really tough and heavy
  • Triple case hardened steel plates protect lock from drill attack
  • Defensive barrier of 12 total bolts on all four sides of the door
  • Cam-drive bolt locking mechanism with slip clutch handle
  • Weight: 760 lbs.


  • Durable textured black finish with satin chrome hardware with new 3-point SURETIGHT handle
  • Upholstered Collector interior with Double Sportsman Rack in gray fabric. Holds up to 48 long guns! (Gun capacity may vary depending upon size of guns and scopes mounted).
  • Interior Dimensions: 56.5″ H x 38″ W x 14.5″ D


  • External Dimensions: 60.5″ H x 30″ W x 25″ D
  • Internal Dimensions: 57″ H x 27.5″ W x 16″ D
  • Weight: 515 lbs
  • Storage Capacity: 25 Long Guns
  • (8) 1″ Locking Bolts
  • 40 minutes of fire protection at 1200°
  • UL RSC Burglary Rating
  • UL Listed Group II Combination Dial Lock


  • Triple Case Hardened Steel Plates
  • Anti-Pry Tabs
  • 2-piece 12 Gauge Roll Form Body
  • Steel Gusset
  • Internal Hinges


  • 3-point SureTight Handle
  • 3-in-1 Flex Interior
  • Gray Fabric
American Security or AMSEC 




  • Outside: 59.00″ H X 30.00″ W X 26.00″ D
  • Inside: 56.50″ H X 28.00″ W X 20.50″ D
  • Interior Cubic Feet: 18.77
  • Weight: 608.00

Key Features

  • 3/16″ Steel Plate door with 2 layers of fire insulating material.
  • Mercury fire protection of 1200 degrees F for 45 minutes. Designed to maintain an interior temperature of less than 350 degrees F.
  • 2 Stage Dual fire seals with silicone seal on door jamb and expandable Palusol seal on the door.
  • Body constructed of 12 gauge solid steel plate with a fire insulating material.
  • Every FV Series gun safe comes standard with AMSEC’s ESL5 Electronic Lock with illuminated keypad.
  • Optional Group II combination lock available for an extra cost.
  • Drill resistant hardplate with external spring-loaded re-locking device.
  • New ultra smooth cam driven locking mechanism with increased handle rotation.
  • 3-point chrome tri-spoke handle featuring slip clutch feature for additional security to prevent excessive torque to retract bolts during attempted break in and bold zinc die-cast polished chrome logo.
  • 4-way boltwork with 9 massive 1-1/4″ chrome-plated locking bolts, and 5 deadbolts for a total of 14 bolts.
  • Adjustable ball bearing hinges.
  • Textured black exterior and plush gray fabric interior including back-cover and firewalls.
  • Four (4) pre-cut anchor holes with mounting hardware included and one (1) pre-cut electrical access hole.
  • Interior capacity: 15-15-30 + 2 on PDO.
  • Premium Door Organizer (PDO) maximizes storage space and offers quick access to commonly used items. All PDO’s include:




Buy the Best Gun for Coyote Hunting

At the end of a long day of tracking, with the sun setting over the plains, you might be fortunate enough to hear the yipping of that pack of coyotes you’ve been trailing as they take down a rabbit for their evening meal. Perhaps you’ll even get that perfect shot, the one you’ve been waiting for all day, to take down a coyote. You’ll only get one shot, two if you’re lucky; making sure you have the best coyote hunting gear is absolutely crucial. Gun, bullets, scope, choke tube, and bipod: each component comes in thousands of flavors, some cheap and some more expensive, some much better than others. Choosing the right gear can make the difference between a successful, enjoyable hunt and a long, unproductive night in the rain. So what should you be looking for?

The Gun

First, let’s talk guns. There are a number of varmint guns that can be used to successfully hunt coyotes, but a few tend to surface again and again as hunter favorites. The Savage Axis and Ruger American series are both excellent lightweight bolt-action rifles that do the trick, while a larger gun like the Mossberg MVP Series Varmint provides more heavy-duty stability but sacrifices some other features, such as small caliber chambering. Even a good large game rifle with a high-quality choke tube can get the job done in a pinch, though varmint rifles are usually the better choice for coyote hunting.

Savage Axis

However, in many coyote hunting guide and personal hunter anecdotes, the Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical surfaces again and again as the most well-rounded, high performance coyote hunting gun on the market. This gun is frequently heralded by hunters and hunting authorities alike as the ideal coyote hunting weapon. Light and easy to carry, yet powerful and specifically designed for coyote hunting range, this gun is considered top-of-the-line for hunting coyotes. The smaller caliber of this bolt-action centerfire rifle minimizes damage to coyote pelts while ensuring tack-driving accuracy and durability. Smooth and simple, the Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical comes highly recommended by large hunting magazines like Outdoor Life and Wilderness Mastery, and has been reviewed positively by hundreds of happy coyote hunters. This high-quality gun is nearly universally hailed as one of the most reliable coyote-hunting firearms built, and is sure to get the job done accurately and well.

The Model 700 SPS Tactical is designed with performance and safety in mind. With a simple, powerful structure, the Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical provides a nice, clean shot without complex add-ons and modifications that can easily break or malfunction. The 20 inch barrel is made of carbon steel and comes pre-drilled for the installation of scope mounts. The stock features all-weather Hogue overmoldings, providing stability regardless of rain or cold, and the entire gun weighs only 7.5 pounds, allowing it to be carried great distances without fatigue or discomfort. The Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical can come in one of two chamberings, either for .223 Remington or .308 Winchester ammo, both easily obtainable small calibers providing minimal pelt damage. Overall, the Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical is simply the best, most well-rounded coyote hunting gun on the market, with consistent quality and a high level of hunter satisfaction across the board. Check it out at

Other Gear

In addition to the Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical, there are a number of other pieces of gear that can make your hunt much more enjoyable and fruitful. The gun is only the first step; choke tubes, scopes, bullets, and rifle rests all contribute to the hunt’s success. When hunting coyotes, your prey is fast-moving, easily startled, and not very large, so accuracy, recoil, and impact all make a large difference in the outcome of your hunt. Coyote hunting also usually attempts to preserve pelts, which emphasizes a need for accuracy and swift, humane killing to ensure maximum preservation of the intact pelt.

Choke Tube

To accomplish this, a choke tube may increase your accuracy for coyote hunting. Remington sells several choke tubes for the Model 700 SPS Tactical, which will depend on the bullets you’re using and your budget. Some are designed specifically for coyote hunting, while others are more general varmint choke tubes. While none of these are necessary for your Model 700 SPS Tactical and are mostly designed for use on larger caliber weaponry, they can improve your accuracy, particularly if you enjoy hunting coyotes from longer distances. For some Remington choke tube options, take a look at, particularly the Hevi-Shot Dead Coyote Choke Tube. While not specifically for the Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical, the Hevi-Shote Dead Coyote Choke Tube can drastically improve the accuracy of larger predator hunting guns without sacrificing recoil time.


Bullets can also make a significant difference in your hunt. There are a number of ammunition types that will work with the Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical. For coyote hunting, small-caliber hollow-point bullets work best, providing low impact on the quality of pelts while providing a clean, humane kill and improved kill probability even under less-than-ideal circumstances. The Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical takes .223 Remington or .308 Winchester cartridges, both quite common, but a bullet that explodes on impact will make your hunt easier and more humane. Also, look for bullets that emphasize a flat trajectory, often with grooves in the bullet itself to minimize wind impact on your accuracy. Sierra MatchKing and Hornady make some of the best small-caliber bullets for the coyote hunting on the market with good value and high precision. Your individual preferences and local availability may vary, so get a few different types and try them, to see what works best for you.


For a precise scope to help those bullets make their mark, you’ll need a good scopes. Scopes can sometimes be more important than the guns the screw into, and their price tags can reflect this importance. For coyote hunting, it’s important to have at least 400 meters of good visual ranges and simple, accurate cross hairs. Lighted reticles can be helpful, since coyotes are usually most active around dusk and dawn when the light is poor, but they are not required. Look for good magnification and an objective lens.

When considering which scope to use for your hunt, check out the Nikon Monarch 5 6-30x50ED SF Fine Cross Hair with Dot. While somewhat more expensive, this scope is durable and easy to use, with beautifully clear five times magnification and minimal parallax. Excellent relief up to 600 meters provides clear visibility perfectly within typical coyote hunting ranges, while simple crosshairs make this scope clean and easy to use, without distractions or additional trappings. The quality and performance of this scope are rated well above more expensive makes and models, providing excellent value for the cost even if that cost is a bit high. Take a look for more detailed specifications.


Lastly, depending on the nature of your hunt, you may want to invest in a bipod or other rifle rest since waiting for the right shot with a pack of coyotes can be a long process and even the 7.5 pound Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical can get heavy over time. The Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical is shaped well for use on a bipod or other gun rest, with a semi-beavertail forend. While many bipods would work for this gun, look for a bipod that is light and easy to carry with you, but isn’t so cheap and poorly-made that it breaks on the first hunt.

For an excellent bipod option at minimal cost, try the UTG Tactical OP Bipod with QD Lever Lock. This easily-adjustable bipod provides a simple, lightweight gun rest with significant versatility. Despite the inexpensive price tag, this bipod is built from aluminum, steel, and rubber to create a durable, well-made structure that holds up both over time and in bad weather. At less than half the cost of many bipods, the UTG Tactical OP Bipod is another essential part of your coyote hunting gear. Rain or shine, long or short, the UTG Tactical OP Bipod can save your arms and help make your coyote hunting adventure more enjoyable and less fatiguing.


As with any gun, always be careful not to load the gun unless you are preparing to shoot and always point the gun only at things you want to shoot. Safety should always come first. With the Remington 700 SPS Tactical, beware of the X-Mark Pro triggers that were installed on the guns in recent years; this specific trigger model has been recalled following some unusual reports of the gun going off without the trigger being pulled. Remington has tested and replaced the faulty trigger on its newer models, but there are still many used guns on the market that utilize the faulty trigger. The triggers seem to be exceptionally sensitive to cold, with as many as 40% of the guns tested at cold temperatures firing without the trigger being pulled during testing. Over 200 field reports of this happening to hunters were filed. When in doubt, be safe; remove cartridges from guns when not directly using them. Always treat a loaded gun as though it is about to go off and never point a loaded gun at an unintentional target.

Go forth and hunt

The Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical, the Nikon Monarch 5 6-30x50ED SF Fine Cross Hair with Dot scope, Hornady .308 Win bullets, and a UTG Tactical OP Bipod with QD Lever Lock make up the dream team of coyote hunting gear. However, these are only a narrow band of options in a sea of choices for hunting coyotes. Whatever you choose, make sure you’re doing your research and getting the best deal on good equipment that you really want and will be able to use for years to come.

Now that you have your gear, it’s time to head for the hills! Coyotes are tricky, easily spooked animals so make sure you have all of your gear organized and ready to go before you embark on your journey, so you don’t have to make so much noise while you’re on the hunt. Research your hunting area and make sure you have correct permits to hunt coyotes in that area, if such a permit is required. Coyotes are in season beginning in early October, and it pays to go early before the coyote pack has had a chance to adapt to being hunted constantly. Remember that weather and wind will have an effect on your accuracy and aim, particularly with the smaller caliber of the Remington 700 SPS Tactical.

Warm coats, recorded coyote calls, camouflage, and sent masking can also help when hunting coyotes. Do a bit of research and look into which options are recommended for your area, and be aware of local weather patterns so you don’t get caught in a thunderstorm. For additional reading material on how to hunt coyotes, take a look at Grand View Outdoors or Outdoor Life. Make sure you thoroughly read up on and understand where to look for coyotes and how to attract them near enough to your stake out for you to get a clean shot. Always travel prepared; bring extra water, food, ammunition, etc., and have good maps of your hunting area. Getting home safely is always more important that getting that perfect pelt.

When you have all of your gear and are fully prepared, get out there! The best place to test your hunting gear is in the field, so head out and give it a try. You can always adjust later, or explore new hunting gear options.

Best of luck with your coyote hunting endeavors!



Best Coyote Hunting Guns

When trying to decide on a gun to purchase, the shear number of options can be overwhelming. With hundreds of gun manufacturers and thousands of guns on the market, researching the benefits of each can be confusing or bewildering. Even if you know what type of animal you’re hunting, it can be difficult to sort through the thousands of options for each animal category.

Coyote hunting can compound this issue somewhat due to where coyotes fall on the size spectrum. Smaller than deerCoyote and elk but larger than marmots and badgers, they seem to fall between gun categories, placing them in a grey area. Their speed, agility, and intelligence as predators also make them more difficult to hunt and add other specifics to the requirements for the weaponry required to successfully bring one down. Some of the decision also stems from the purpose of your hunt, whether you’re hunting to kill a pesky coyote or hunting coyotes for their pelts.

As coyote hunting becomes increasingly popular, a few trends have emerged. Coyote hunters tend to use smaller-caliber bolt-action or air rifles, specifically varmint or predator rifles, when hunting, because these guns tend to have the right range and accuracy, while leaving pelts minimally damaged. While a larger deer rifle will work, they tend to tear up more of the pelt than is necessary and can bring down the value of a coyote pelt significantly. Flat trajectory weapons with streamlined bullets can ensure a clean shot, even with a swiftly-moving coyote, and low-recoil weapons can allow for multiple shots and comfort. Specially-designed scopes can give you an edge as you track coyotes during night hunting, but excessively complex scopes can cause you to loose sight of your target, since coyotes move fast and are good at blending in with their surroundings.

Below are some suggestions for what to look for in coyote hunting guns, as well as a few good guns that we recommend. Take your time and do your research before choosing the gun that’s right for you; there are plenty of online reviews and recommendations to help you in making your decision.

The Gun

Whether you’re hunting coyotes for their unique pelts or to keep them from eating your cat, here are a few things to consider when choosing your weaponry. First, you want to have the right gun, one that is designed for varmint hunting or predator hunting. Be sure to look for guns that emphasize:

Accuracy – Coyotes are a small, fast, constantly moving target target, unlike deer, elk, or other large game. To compensate for this, most coyote hunters use Varmint guns, which are specifically tailored to hunting river otters, raccoons, and other furbearers. These guns are designed for accuracy, since the target is never very large.

Flat Trajectory  – When hunting coyotes, you will rarely get close enough without startling them to take a close-range shot; therefore, it’s important to have a gun that performs well at medium to long range. Coyotes move quickly when startled, so you need a gun that shoots with a flat trajectory, to improve accuracy and minimize time from firing to impact.

Low Recoil – Coyotes often travel in groups, so even if your first shot is perfect, you’ll want to be able to get a second shot in quickly if you want to take down more than one animal at a time. Low recoil guns allow you to fire again quickly without needing to reset.

Caliber – With large game hunting and defense, guns are often to tear up as much flesh as possible. This is not usually the goal with coyote hunting, which focuses on obtaining pelts that are mostly intact. To minimize damage to coyote pelts, use a small caliber gun, so that the hole in the pelt is small and contained. Anything with a chambering of 2XX or smaller will minimize damage to coyote pelts.

Range – Look for guns with a range of at least 100-200 yards, to give you a better chance of making a kill shot at a longer distance. Some long-range coyote hunters use guns with up to 1000 yards of range, but the power required to do this usually requires a larger caliber, which can be more damaging to pelts. As you explore your options, try to find your own happy medium.

The Bullets

You’ll also want to make sure you choose the right bullets. Using the right ammunition can make your hunt much easier and more humane. When buying bullets, look for:

Small Caliber – To complement a small caliber gun, use the appropriate small caliber bullets. Look for bullets that minimize damage to the pelt with small entry areas, usually with a caliber of .2XX or less.

Expands on impact – While you will likely want to minimize damage to the pelt by using small caliber guns, make sure you have bullets that expand on impact. These are more humane, killing the coyote instantly rather than drawing out the animal’s suffering. They also make it easier to get a kill shot even if your aim isn’t perfect or if wind or other conditions interfere with the bullet’s trajectory. Since coyote hunting firearms aren’t usually as powerful as larger weapons, try to find bullets that expand at low impact speeds as well, to ensure that expansion occurs.

Streamlined for flat trajectory – Make sure your bullets are designed for a flat trajectory, with streamlining to reduce the impact of wind on the accuracy of your shot. This is particularly important at long range, since there is a greater distance for the bullet to be impacted by wind or other elements.

Speer, Hornady, Nosler, and Barnes are all good bullet manufacturers with options that work well for coyote hunting. Make sure you get a bullet that works with your gun and will give you a clean, swift kill even from a distance or under less-than-ideal conditions.

The Scope

Lastly, make sure you have a good scope. Coyotes, like other furbearers, are fast and on the smaller side, so you want to be sure you can see and aim well, even from a distance. Be sure to consider:

Magnification – The magnification you will need while hunting coyotes will vary greatly depending on where you hunt and what type of gun you’re using. Make sure your scope’s magnification matches the range of your weapon, and is most useful for the terrain in which you will be hunting. For example, if you will be hunting in wooded areas with shorter sight lines, you won’t need extreme magnification, but if you’re on the plains or in the desert, higher magnification may be helpful, provided that your gun’s range extends that far.

Objective Lens – For coyote hunting, try to get the largest objective lens possible, since it will increase your range of sight. The bigger the lens, the easier it will be to find and aim at your target from a distance, even with the increased motion of coyotes. Try to get a scope with an objective lens of no less than 40mm.

Reticle – Because coyotes are most active during the twilight and night hours, make sure you have illuminated reticles on your scope. Keep it simple with crosshairs or mil dot, nothing to too fancy, since your target isn’t large and too much clutter on your scope can cause more problems than it solves.

6 Good Starter Guns

Savage AxisSavage Axis

The Savage Axis bolt-action rifle comes in a variety of chamberings excellent for coyote hunting. It can be combined with a number of bullet and scope types to make a solid, inexpensive coyote hunting option.

Cost: about $389.00

Check it out at

Ruger AmericanRuger American

This American-made bolt-action rifle is lightweight and durable, making it a good choice for a coyote rifle. You can get a variety of options, including all-weather and compact, based on your individual location and needs. Make sure to tend towards smaller calibers when purchasing, since Ruger American Rifles have a wider ranges of chambering options.

Cost: about $489.00

Visit for more info

Weatherby Vanguard Series .257 Weatherby MagnumWeatherby Vanguard Series .257 Weatherby Magnum

A great flat-trajectory option, this gun packs a great punch for a lightweight gun. High accuracy and a powerful shot make this a good option for longer range coyote hunting.

Cost: about $649.00

Explore at

Howa/Houge Ranchland Compact

Like the title claims, this lightweight camouflage rifle is compact and easy to haul around, making it a great option for longer hunts or hunts in more difficult terrain. The Ranchland model can also come pre-fit with a good varmint hunting scope for an additional $110.

Cost: about $652.00 (without the scope)

Check out for options

Mossberg MVP Series Varmint

A slightly bigger, more solid gun, the Mossberg MVP Series Varmint Rifle is a good option for those who usually hunt larger game. This gun can be fitted with a good 50mm scope at purchase, but make sure you’re looking at the .204 caliber option, since some of the larger calibers can be damaging to pelts.

Cost: about $754.00

More information at

Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical

Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical

The Remington Model 700 SPS Tactical consistently tops the charts and reviews for coyote hunting. Simple and elegant, this gun is a tack driver, providing a steady, smooth shot that gets the job done. While slightly more expensive, the general consensus among coyote hunters is that this gun is worth the extra money in its ease of use an accuracy.

Cost: about $788.00

Find it at

Of course, there are hundreds of other small-caliber flat-shooting guns that will work for coyote hunting, and even your regular deer-hunting equipment can work in a pinch. Take some time do do your research and figure out which options are best for you – you may find that lighter weight or increased stability is more important to you than a large scope or small caliber. Each hunter is different, and it may take some time to find the gun that is right for you.

Once you have your gun, it’s time to head for the hills (or the plains, as the case may be)! For some good tips and tricks on coyote hunting, check out this article by Field & Stream or this crash course in coyote hunting from Outdoor Life. A good gun is only the first step; make sure you know your hunting license laws, coyote calls, setup, and strategy before you start. With the right preparation and a little patience, you’ll be a professional predator hunter in no time.

Happy hunting!

Power of a Coyote Shotgun

The Power of a Coyote Shotgun

Years of city living will make you soft. Life almost always become routine if you do not proactively look for an outdoor endeavor to engage in. You wake up at 6AM, drive the kids to school, and by 8:30AM, you are seated behind a desk. Wife or hubby will be waiting in the evening for your weekly eat-out, or, you will have to read 10 pages of children story to your tweedledee and tweedledum before sleep catches up with their adoring eyes.


Here’s an alternative. Pick up your favorite coyote shotgun and head for the woods. Excitement and adrenaline rush beckons. Hell! Carry all of your hunting gear – the scopes, shooting sticks, gloves, boots, bipods, rangefinders, binoculars, scents – and shoot a gray wolf…or a waterfowl. Roast the fowl over open fireside in the evening. Now that…that is a plan. It gets you out of your boring ‘every day’ and makes you a shotgun carrying alpha dog!

Power of a Coyote Shotgun

Note the word ‘shotgun’ because you won’t have as much fun if you do not understand the power of a coyote shotgun. Lucky for you, we will try to demystify the dense alloys and metals that make up the gun that can shoot coyotes that are past 75 yards. And yes, if you understand how it is operated, we can guarantee a higher coyote kill than you have had in the past.

Parts of a Coyote Shotgun


A gauge is the bore diameter of a gun. Coyote guns have different gauges including; 10-Gauge, 12-Gauge, 16-Gauge and 20 Gauge.


A load is the breech where the shell or cartridge is loaded. It is an integral part of the rear portion of the barrel. Coyote shotguns have several types of loads including; Winchester Super-X, Remington Express, Environmental Dead Coyote, Federal Vital-Shok, and Federal Power-Shok Magnum. See the table below.


The most ideal coyote shotgun is the one that have 60 to 70 pellets flying all at once.


Red dot sights and open sights are perhaps optics to have on your shotgun. If you are serious about hunting though, a predator shotgun that can wheel around and take a shot is better. Your clear field optics and this maneuverability will be great when your caller spots a dog behind you. Even more amazing is that the red dots are functional at night.

Sights/Optics Mount

Off shelf, you can use the B-Square. They are particularly awesome because if you decide to change your hunting game from coyotes to shoot some wings, they are easy to dismount and carry. You just remove two screws and you are ready to be on the move.


Do not ignore the importance of the trigger on your coyote shotgun. The split second delay in trigger mechanism can cost you a kill. You do not want something that is too cumbersome as to delay your shot once you have a kill in the line of sight. You also don’t want a trigger that is too light as it can go off when you are not ready.


There are various types of bipods to use on your shotgun. Most expert hunters prefer to use the Benelli range of supernovas which feature sling studs at their base.

Shotgun capacity

You will need to carry enough trigger capacity so that you do not need to reload midway the sets. Imagine a situation where you will need to make six 3.5 inch shots, but only had 2 loads yet you have a barrel long enough to host more…

Specifically For Coyote Shotgunning

Easy Handling

The 18.5, 22 inch barrel is the best for easier handling. Note that if your shotgun comes with a very long barrel, do not cut it down as this may alter the accuracy of the gun, as well as bullet trajectory. You should also not change barrels to suit your gun as there is nothing important about a long barrel in the shooting power.

Fiber Optics

A true coyote shot gun will feature Tru-Glo adjustable fiber optics with open red dots and a B-Square mount. If something goes wrong with red dot, you can easily use the open sights of the fiber optics.

Pro Tip 1: Use the red dot on daylight and then switch to fiber optics with its illuminating LED at night.

Pro Tip 2: Always make sure you choose the best coyote hunting shotguns.

Best Practices With Choke Combinations and Shotgun Loads


Coyotes are predators and when predator hunting, you must go well-prepared. One predator enthusiast says this: ~

“A combination of 0.680 Carlson’s Dead Coyote with 4 buck is worth trying out. I wouldn’t mind the Patternmaster, unfortunately, I have been using the Federal 4-buck with its awesome flight controls. If you have used them, then you know they do not work with stripping wad chokes. The reason I like Patternmaster chokes is that all you need to do is pick shell length instead of a fleet of chokes that you have to align with a variety of shot sizes. On my list of chokes, I have a shot size 5 and 6 for coyotes, and some buckshot-friendly chokes.”


The loads that are best for predator hunting are 4-buck, BBB, BB, and B. If loads are heavier than lead alloys will drag over the air and thus have smaller impact on the kill. The 4-buck is the best for a long hunting expedition due to its cheapness, shot count, pattern density, and anchoring power.

Improved Choke Buckshot

The pattern density, low price and ability to hit the target makes the improved choke buckshot a must have for predator hunters.

Copper/steel plated shot

They work well if you near your kill, but the 4 buck is best in all distances. If you can get 4-buck goes for $2 and $3 per round then you shouldn’t go for anything else when hunting dogs.


Always aim to never lay your shotty on mud or dirt. You can use both bipod and shooting stick. To steady your shots, invest in nice bipods and monopods such as Primos Trigger Stik.

Benelli Supernova

Extended magazine tubes that can hold eight 2.75 inch rounds or five 3.5 rounds are best for predator hunting. A great example of such a shotgun magazine is the Benelli Supernova. You will rarely need 8 shots on a set but 5 rounds are common.


Always aspire to get a trigger that is less than 2 pounds so that your reflex and the trigger mechanism can work very fast to pin down a dog.

Close Range Shots

If you are doing a close range shot on a coyote, use the 4-buck, BBB and T. If you are trying to bring down a smaller prey, you can use no. BB.

Readiness for Kill

It may be pain to carry around your shotgun when tracking a prey. This is even worse when you have to hold it steady tracking a prey. The best practice is to strap it on your lap and have it ready for quick access when you spot your prey.

Semi-Automatic Shotguns

Avoid the single shot shotguns as you may need a quick follow up shots on your prey. The semi-automatic or the break-actions/pumps are the best for predator hunting. Always use the fiber optic sights to acquire your target at night or on low-light conditions.


Always shoot your load with your shotgun long before you go to the field to ensure that it works well on the distance you expect to be shooting your kill. Try practicing on coyote silhouettes, and count the number of pellets you need to down the coyotes so that you can get an understanding of your shotgun’s ability.

Adjust the choke tighter or try another load if you are not happy with the results. Keep trying this until you stumble on a load that works best for you.

The tables below shows some of the coyote shotgun loads that you can use for different gauges;

10-gauge shotgun

Pellets Size Load Type
112 No. BB Federal Magnum Wing-Shok
54 No. 4 buckshot Winchester Super-X

3 ½ Inch 12-gauge shotgun

Pellets Size Load Type
54 No. 4 buckshot Winchester Super-X
81 No. BB High Density Federal Ultra-Shok Waterfowl
55 No. T Hevi-Shot Environmental Dead Coyote

2 ¾ inch 12-gauge shotgun

Pellets Size Load Type
27 No. 4 buckshot Winchester Super-X
27 No. 4 buckshot Remington Express
42 No. T Hevi-Shot Environmental Dead Coyote
34 No. 4 buckshot


Federal Vital-Shok
34 No. 4 buckshot


Federal Power-Shok Magnum
74 No. BB


Federal Magnum Wing-Shok

3 inch 12-gauge shotgun

Pellets Size Load Type
69 No. BB High-Density Federal Ultra-Shok
41 No. 4 buckshot Federal Power-Shok Magnum
94 No. BB Federal Magnum Wing-Shok
51 No. T Hevi-Shot Environmental Dead Coyote
41 No. 4 buckshot Winchester Supreme
41 No. 4 buckshot Remington Express Magnum
41 No. 4 buckshot Federal Vital-Shok

In short, practice makes perfect. Keep taking a break every now and then from your busy office and family schedules and soon enough your coyote kill rate will improve. If you have not picked up this hobby, perhaps you should join someone that has been shooting for some time so that you can pick up the art faster. Make sure you also learn new ways of setting up to make more kills. You can also read more on the common mistakes that coyote hunters make here.


How to Use Coyote Snares to Your Benefit

Before considering the benefits of using snares to trap coyotes, it is important first to consider the different regulations that govern hunting in various states. It is your responsibility to acquit yourself with the various state laws as ignorance is no defense. Hence, first take your time and consider the different state regulations and what the law says on various types of use.

Snares are beneficial to nearly all hunters who hunt coyotes for all other reasons but hunting for pleasure. Snares will save a hunter from having to spend lots of their evenings in the cold, looking out for out for animals that you are not sure whether they will show up. Traps also can be used to trap animals that one never knew they were within the vicinity.

The first step of using snares to your advantage is choosing a good cable to use in the trapping of coyotes. Cables come in different sizes lengths and constructions from which you can choose from. The different cables come in different qualities and serve a different purpose. But for you to set up a snare that will work best in capturing a coyote, you need a cable that is not easily seen otherwise the coyote will flee. Depending on your hunting ground, it is important you get capable that blends with the environment, to mask the snare.

  • Galvanized cables are cables that have an extra layer of zinc to protect the metal from reacting with oxygen. The galvanized cables are the most popular as they do not rust making them durable. Such a wire can be used for an extended period of time protecting you from the cold.
  • Stainless Cable is strong and is chew resistant. Hence, you do not risk losing your catch when you choose to use steel cables and can be used in marine regions that deal with salty water.

For you to get any benefits from a trap it is important you, determine what kind of an anchor system you will want to have. Whether you want to use a rebar stake anchor or a pogo anchor, the very end of your trap makes attachment very easy.  For this reason, get to consider choosing the different types of anchor ends in order to get the best. Adjustable loop ends can be efficiently adjusted to suit different situations.

Solid ends have similar functionalities with the adjustable loop. However, it differs in a sense it cannot be made bigger or small. The swiveled end, on the other hand, is the most successful anchoring end used by hunters. The cables are popular as they can allow the cable turn while the animal is fighting and rolling after getting caught. Combo snare ends can be used for different purposes as opposed the earlier discussed ends. The snares can be custom made to suit the different type of traps you want to use.

Having considered the above ends it is important to consider using traps that best suit your hunting needs. For instance, combo snare ends can be easily used to suit all your coyote’s shooting needs.

The next thing to consider is getting the right information on the strap locks. A trap should have an excellent locking mechanism that will protect your catch. A lock is what will hold the trapped animal in place protecting it from further harm that could degrade the quality if the pelt.

A relaxing lock is the first lock you want to consider as it has a record of working correctly. The lock closes the snare when the animal gets into the trap, and releases pressure from the animal when it stops struggling with the cable. Such a lock is a good consideration as it ensures the quality of the pelt is not tampered with and does not cause any harm to the animal.

Non-relaxing locks: Depending on what you are hunting you can consider using a non-relaxing lock which kills the trapped coyote almost instantly. Mechanical locks: A mechanical lock is a type of non-relaxing lock which contains some moving parts hence the name mechanical lock. The locks are fast and non-forgiving ensuring the animal cannot escape under any circumstance.

Coyote Hunting Gear

Everything You Need – Coyote Hunting Gear

Camouflage is one coyote hunting gear you will never leave behind as the animals have ardent eyesight even at night. Lightweight camouflage materials are highly advised, as they offer you lots of breathing space and will not wear you out during the wait which can take hours. However, hunting suits need to be thick enough to protect you from cold. Also, you should also choose a camouflage material that does not easily pick debris.

Shooting sticks: shooting sticks are as essential as a rifle as they are more practical than metallic bipods. Besides, the hunting sticks help, covering up your steps, and can be used for some reasons while out in the wilderness.

Electronic callers: Callers come fully equipped with lots of sounds with some playing more than one sound. It is also equally important to train on how to make various sounds, as it can save you on a rainy day while out in the wilderness. Electronic callers quickly take the source of sound away from you and allow you to adjust while taking the perfect shot. Coyotes often focus their energy on the origin of the sound, making the e-callers a must have hunting gear.

Decoy: Coyotes are sensitive and cautious animals to trap when they are responding to a call. They will want to see something related to the source of the sound. If you play the sound of a struggling deer, make sure you have either a dead deer or an artificial one. In the event, they fail to see the source of the sound, coyotes retreat, and this can cost you your prize. Though they want to see something moving, they do not want to see another coyote.

Make sure you do not carry dead coyote as your decoy as this might trigger a reaction you do not desire. Unless you are hunting during the mating season where the animals are looking for mates, avoid making coyote sounds. Always remember coyotes will take off at the slightest sign that things are not okay. Also, there have been reports of coyotes charging at decoys that resemble them as they hate competition. It’s important you get prepared for fast action as coyotes are greedy and want to eat as much as possible before other coyotes show up.

Weapons: There is an endless debate on the best rifle to carry while hunting coyotes. Hence, research on what works best for you as the efficiency of one weapon varys from one person to another. The AR rifle is set on a 223 caliber which allows you to make fast follow up shots that increase the odds of hitting the animal. Besides, there are users who advocate the use of AR15 shotguns and they say the shotgun works perfectly for them. To address the diverse opinions on what to use for your hunting trip, research on what each gun can deliver and consider the availability of their ammunition. Besides, check on the weight of the gun and the noise produced by the gun.

Ammunition: choosing the best ammo for your hunting trip is one of the biggest decisions as it will affect the accuracy of your shots. Also, the type of ammunition is key to determining the amount of fur your will waste and the effect of your shot on the quality of the pelt. Get a gun with adequate knocking down power and one that saves the pelt.  It is difficult to exhaust all the options one can take on the choice of ammunition, but it should be known that it’s the key factor that influences the success or failure of your hunting.


best coyote bait

Best Coyote Mounts Reviews

Hunting coyotes require the combination of skills and hunting equipment to work simultaneously for the common goal of taking down the elusive animal. Coyotes are very smart and will not fall for cheap traps. Coyotes that have escaped a hunt before are more elusive and require a combination of all assets, skills, and experience. You will need a complete change of your mind setting if you are to bring down the animal. Unlike deers, coyotes are highly observant and pay lots of attention to smell. As a result, the predator takes off at the slightest sign of humans or any false decoys. As such you will require the full knowledge of the best calling kits, guns, and decoys to enhance your chances of success.

Hunting equipments to consider on your next coyote hunt

  •    Type of caller to use. Callers are some of the most common equipment used by coyote hunters. The kind of caller you take for the hunt has a direct impact on your chances of success. Coyotes are some of the most common animals killed by humans and the bad news is that they know this far too well. In the event they detect a false call, they will flee from that area even before you are done setting up all your weapons.

As such, it’s important you research on the most efficient caller to avoid early disappointments. Unless you have a wealth of experience which can also fail you, avoid using your mouth to call coyotes, as the slightest variation marks the difference between success and failure. Electronic callers are proven to offer the best calling sounds that make the animal respond. However, when you see one caller is not working, it is advisable you change to another caller.

Some callers are highly specialized and can play two sounds simultaneously. The callers come equipped with the sounds of different animals under different circumstances. Some of the common sounds include anxious woodpeckers which are the favorite meal of coyotes and screaming puppies which prompt mothers to come to their rescue. Hunting coyotes is such an interesting experience as you are likely to learn different animal behavior along the way.

Finally on callers, you can get handheld devices that you can quickly move without making lots of commotion. Such devices you can mount them on a tree and walk away to your hunting position where you are likely to see the animal. For the handheld callers, you need to know that you will be calling the animal directly to you. Hence, you need to be alert and motionless to avoid tipping off the predator.

  •    Tracking devices and techniques. The knowledge of the exact point where you are likely to find a coyote is also a key determinant on the outcome of your hunt. Though they are deemed greedy, coyotes do not frequent all the areas. Some tracking skills and a camera to capture their footprints are essential on this one. Get to know how their scat looks like, footprints and the colors of their fur, to identify their number and sizes.
  •    Setting up. Your setup technique is as good as your ending, as you are required to remain as motionless as possible when hunting coyotes. Make sure you are properly hidden by having good camouflage attires and a backdrop. Besides, you need to master the direction of the wind to ensure your scent is not swept towards the animal. You caller and gun should also be well hidden, as they will take off at the first glance of your hunting tools. Despite the fact that most callers come with their camo, it’s good you further disguise them. Also remember to pack your vehicle a good distance, as well as covering your footsteps are good tips to remember.
  •    Overhunted grounds. You may have the best of equipment and still fail in your hunt if you are hunting in over hunted areas. The problem is that coyotes in such a region are more intelligent and vigilant making them difficult to hunt. Hence, move around and get new fertile grounds where you can launch your hunts.

Advantage Gear – Coyote Hunting Lights

When you consider hunting coyotes, you must think of getting the best hunting lights for that purpose. Coyote hunting lights are unique as they have specialized light beams to trap the animal in coming towards you. Do not take just any hunting light to hunt coyotes as you are likely to fail terribly in the venture. In the US, there are ample places where you can go and hunt the highly elusive predators especially in the north. Coyote population in such places is quite high, but you will require specialized equipment to enhance your chances of success.

Coyotes are best hunted at night as during the day; they sleep and relax. Hardly will you see a coyote wandering out in the open during the day, unless it is a juvenile male in the mating season. A good hunting light makes it very easy to pinpoint a coyote before it gets to see you giving you the chance of taking the first shot. There are lots of coyote hunting lights that you can get from the market, but not all will offer you the desired results. Some of the hunting lights will scare off the predator before you can see it, making your cold night a failure.

Stream light Waypoint spotlight

The waypoint spotlight is equipped with high quality weapon mounted flashlights. It is built and designed by a reputable company with a wealth of experience in building the best combat proven lights that assure you success. Getting the light is the equivalence success while you embark on your next coyote hunting trip, you are assured of taking home the prize after the long wait in the cold.

The hunting light comes with c-sized batteries that illuminate a 210-lumen beam designed to get maximum range and intensity. Also, it features a shockproof LED bulb, and 50,000 hours runtime. In other words, it is intended to last more than a night in the wilderness while hunting. You do not have to worry about deteriorating quality of the beam as time elapses. It is not only durable and efficient but affordable and value for money.

Orion rechargeable hunting light

Orion coyote hunting lights are available in two varieties that illuminate either a green or a red light. The light can easily mount to your favorite scope including on your gun. The light is a sure ticket to an exciting and intense hunting night out in the open. It features a powerful 300-lumen green or red beam. Besides, it comes with a rechargeable battery meaning you can carry an extra battery to caution yourself in the case of an emergency. The light is constructed of the highest military grade in a way that easily fits in your rifle without compromising on other functionalities of your rifle. It is a top choice for many hunters and also comes with a remote switch to facilitate better hunting.

Wind Fire Barrel Mounted Light

If you are looking for a beautiful coyote hunting light and you are operating on a tight budget, here is one spotlight that suits your pocket. Wildfire offers you a hunting light that is efficient and waterproof. Besides, the light gets a 350 lumen red light beam that can reach 250 yards. It comes with a complete barrel mounting hardware, remote switch, and a rechargeable battery. Also, the light can be used independently without having to mount it on a rifle. In spite of your tight budget, you can still get the light at a nice price without worrying about the quality of the light, its durability, or efficiency. Due to its low price, you can comfortably get two of them to protect your household animals against coyotes.

Kohree hunting headlamp

The light is a combination of efficient cutting edge technology and efficiency making it an excellent choice. It throws the beam of light specifically to where you are looking, enhancing its effectiveness. Kohree will not cost you an arm and a leg despite its high-tech specs that make it unique. Its battery is a long life and comes with 1.2 meters long cord making it easy to mount it anywhere you want. Besides, it comes in four colors, and it is easy to assemble and can be used on the construction site.


Where to Get a Coyote Pelt

Local hunters/buyers

Local buyers and hunters are the most knowledgeable and convenient sources of authentic coyote pelt. The two have exclusive knowledge of the actual source of coyote pelt and will get you the pelt at an affordable price compared to other sources. Local buyers get their pelt from the local hunters and know who engages in illegal hunting and how does not.

Besides, the local buyers will not only sell the pelt but will give you techniques on how to handle fur and store the pelt to maintain its quality. Most of the local hunters and buyers are willing to share such information to ensure you get high your pelts retain their quality.

Some of the local buyers in California are willing to buy whole coyotes or green pelts to extract it themselves. Hence, you are always assured of quality pelt with minimal holes if any at all. Green pelts, on the other hand, refer to wet skin which is not dried and fleshed. However, be cautioned of buying whole animals as they easily go band releasing a bad stench, making it an expensive venture for you.

Finally buying the pelts from local buyers and sellers assures you of reasonable prices, as opposed to other types of sellers. Besides, if you choose the whole animal, you have fur to sell as opposed to buying already processed pelts which have no fur. It is for these reasons that make local hunters and sellers a good source of pelt as they can get extra cash from fur.

Travelling buyers

If traveling to upcountry to get the pelt from hunters and local buyers is not convenient, you can wait for traveling buyers to get to you. The traveling buyers offer a convenient, reliable source though at an extra price. You can book an appointment with the buyer to visit you and deliver the pelts right at your doorstep. Alternatively, you can visit them at their selling points on their scheduled dates.

Ordinarily, traveling buyers work to deliver their pelts to huge companies capable of buying all their merchandise. However, when they sell only a few pieces, they may give you a higher price quotation than the local hunters and buyers as they have to factor in the cost of transport.

Mail sellers

Mail sellers advertise their products in local magazines and sell by mailing the products directly to you. It is a convenient way of sourcing for pelts as it will save you on time and the cost of driving around as your source of the pelt. However, you are not able to inspect for the quality of the pelt before making the actual purchase. The mail sellers may give you a few days before you accept the offer, within which you can mail back the pelts.

Mail sellers hardly charge a commission for their hides, besides some of the trappers sell their products through this avenue, making it a cheap source. Some of the sellers offer to cater for shipping costs just to ensure their prices are considerably low.

Pelt auctions

Pelt auctions are not a common phenomenon in the urban dwellings; the auctions are common in the rural areas. Depending on the location of the auction it may be inconvenient to source for your pelts in the auctions. During auctions, you may not be able to get time to inspect the quality of the pelt you are buying, which could translate to losses for your enterprise. Besides, price tends to be considerably high in the auction as compared to the other sources of the pelt. Prices in Auctions are controlled by brokers who want to get profits at the expense of buyers who are in business. Unless one is in a hurry to get pelts, auctions are not the best of places to get your pelt due to quality issues and the pricing.


Educational Materials – Coyote Book

One of the best ways of writing a beautiful coyote book is by first enlightening readers of the scientific name of coyotes which is Canis latrans. Coyotes are believed to have originated from California and other places on the western side of America. The animal is known for their intelligence and ability to adapt to new environments. Besides, the animal is known for its capacity to evade larger animals that pose danger to their existence. Thanks to their high levels of intelligence, coyotes have expanded their territory to northern America. You are likely to find coyotes in the outskirts of urban centers as they source for food.

What do coyotes look like?

It is important to paint a picture of just how a coyote looks, as they can be easily mistaken for a dog or a fox. Foxes and dogs are the closest relatives to coyotes, and you can easily mistake one for the other. However, coyotes range from yellow, gray, and brown colors on the upper parts of their bodies.

Besides, you will find them having tawny colored fur in their under bellies, which may extend to their throats. For the legs, they are often white and reddish-brown heads. Coyotes have small paws pointed ears and a snout. Besides, they weigh between 15 to 40 pounds, making them relatively small compared to dogs. However, it is their thick fur that makes them appear large when you see them from a distance.

Signs to look out to know their presence

If you fail to see them physically, worry no more, there are things you can look out for in the wilderness, which give away their presence. First, check for small paws on the ground, which is very easy to see during the rainy season. Second, check for their scat which has lots of thread due to their large intake of fiber in their meals. Their rope like scat is one sure way of identifying their presence within the vicinity. Besides, they use their scat to mark their territory, and for this reason, you are likely to see lots of it in forest edges as they mark their territory. Thirdly, you are likely to hear them barking, howling, or whining to announce their presence and as they communicate with each other.

How and where do coyotes live?

Depending on the availability of food among other resources, coyotes live in groups, pairs, or may live alone. You are likely to find them in breeding pairs, and only the elusive black coyote is found alone. In fact, very few people have had the pleasure of seeing a live black coyote.

Coyotes mate once a year, and during the mating season you are likely to see them in pairs and lots of fights as the alpha males protect their females. Such fights in some cases are fatal and end up in deaths or permanent injuries.

Besides the mating aspect of coyotes, you are likely to see a group comprising of pulps and older males and females. Young males are usually chased out of the group to avoid inbreeding and also to secure the territory of the alpha male. Pulps are protected by the entire group and have one of the highest mortality rates as they have an average mortality rate of between 50% to 70% mortality rates. The size of coyotes is largely dependent on the availability of food within an area. Places with scarce food have reported having small sized coyotes as opposed to places where food is plenty.

A single coyote is likely to give birth to between 2 to 12 pups. The pups remain in the den for the first six weeks before they are allowed to join their parents in search of food, and for security purposes. By the end of summer, the pups are independent but often remain with their parents for security. Coyotes are highly social and live in highly organized formations that defend their territories and raise their young to full maturity. Coyotes from other groups especially males coyotes are the largest threat to the survival of pups. As a result, coyotes shift from one den to the other as they have many dens with multiple exits. However, their territories never overlap, and stray coyotes are killed by the resident coyotes.