Spring Coyote Calling Deep Snow

Spring time can be a slow time of year for allot of hunters. Turkey season isn’t quite here and most other game seasons are closed. But there is a silver lining in that dark cloud hanging over us this time of year, Coyotes! In the north coyotes are paired and females are bred for the most part, but haven’t yet had their pups. Hunting coyotes this time of year can help curb deer depredation for the following winter and even the current up and coming fawn crop by taking a few of these coyotes out. Also the fur can and is still usable this time of year and can be tanned for hanging on your wall or even a hat.

The above video was filmed with the author in early March in Northern Wisconsin. It’s a long unedited clip but we wanted to show new hunters the frequency and variety of calls as well as the duration of a typical hunt.  You will see the entire call set from the time we got in place through the final shot.

For the most part this time of year coyotes have been pretty much burned out if calling is popular in your area, but there’s still a few tricks you can pull out of the hat to put a coyote on the ground or should I say snow if you had a winter like we did here in northern WI. One of the most difficult things to deal with is the deep snow thats accumulated through the winter. For one, the temps are warming and the snow gets soft and crystalized making each step you take a workout that’s rival to anything a treadmill could throw at you, but its also difficult for the coyotes to get through it as well. To combat this I like to concentrate my calling to early mornings where the previous nights cold temps freezes the snow making it easy to walk on top and in turn easier for the coyote to travel and respond as well, before the mid-morning temps start turning the snow to quicksand again.

What makes these coyotes vulnerable this time of year is the fact that even though the snow is deep, it’s going down in depth, which they depended on to slow deer down earlier in the year, but they could stay fairly on top to chase these deer down, because the snow wasn’t crystallized and slushy. So the coyotes after eating well are now getting a little growl in their belly. Even small game such as rabbits and hares are getting tough to come by due to it being easier for those critters to get around faster, plus their numbers are down just because its the cycle of nature and multiple factors of predation, die-off, hunting, etc. Most game populations are at their lowest this time of year just before the spring baby boom.

So where do you find the coyotes? Well coyotes are creatures of habit and oppurtunity, and they will still be holding close to the deer concentrations here in the north,looking for an oppurtunity to take a weakend animal or feeding off an old kill even if it is just bones. They’ll also hang on the rivers that are still frozen with water starting to open because deer will be there as well. The deer are browsing these areas for plants just starting to pop under water and buds on tags etc that are starting to plump. Everything out there in the wild has a cycle and knowing whats going on out there will put you where you need to be.

When I call this time of year I like to just hit the howler once or twice, then wait about 10 min. Coyotes this time of year are now paired like I mentioned, but also have staked their claim to a piece of ground and usually wont tolerate another on their turf. If I dont get a response off the howl, I’ll switch into a few deer distress bawls to sweeten the pot or a short series of bunny cries, then silent for a few minutes. Still if no takers I pull out my little trick that has worked beautiful this time of year and works on that territorial instinct just a tad more. I scream a short YIPE! Then go right into the distress I was using for just a few seconds, then stop.

I’ve had coyotes pop out just like that on that combo that were reluctant to show because of being burned out and call shy to the usual sounds they’ve been accustom to thru the winter. I like using an open reed call thats easy to blow for the combo, because you can switch from yip to distress without missing a beat. I believe it gives the impression the coyote just suffered a kick or bite and the the instant distress is from the instant retaliation the prey just recieved. I’ve been playing with that combo the last few years and have had excellent results from it in tough calling conditions like late season. And when you get that coyote coming in and your zeroed in on him/her and ready to shoot, BARK! if it’s running in or moving. The coyote will come to a stop increasing your odds of a well placed shot that connects and puts it to the ground. So if you want to kill the late winter blues and spring turkey fever, go harass a few yotes, it”ll brighten your day

Coyote Callers Choosing The Right Coyote Call

FoxPro Mouth Call

One of the biggest questions we get from newbie coyote hunters is “Which Coyote Calls Are Best?” or if your from down south “Which Coyote Callers should a fella purchase?”  Coyote calls can basically be broken down into two categories-  Electronic Calls and Mouth Calls.

Electronic calls use a amplified speaker and a electronic device like a MP3 player to play back recordings of sounds that coyotes like while mouth calls typically look like a duck call and are put in your mouth and blown on to produce a sound that attracts coyotes.  Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of each call:

Mouth Blown Coyote Calls

Pros Cons
Easy to carry around Can Freeze Up In Cold Weather
Require No Batteries Limited Sounds Produced By Each Call
Inexpensive to purchase Takes Practice To Get The Call Sounding Right
Waterproof Location of The Call- The sounds comes from You Not By The Decoy
Easily Control Call Volume

Electronic Coyote Calls

Won’t Freeze In Cold Weather
Expensive To Buy

Can make multiple sounds with one call
Requires Batteries
No learning curve to create sound
Not all electronic calls have volume controls

FoxPro Electronic Call

What to look for in an electronic coyote call-  A veteran coyote caller once told me “When it comes to electronic calls- Save up as much money as you can and buy the best call you can.  Then prepare to go by another call shortly”  I would have to agree with that statement.  Generally the more expensive the call the better it is.  My first electronic coyote caller was the cheapest model I could find at my local sporting goods store.  It sounded good and had good range from the transmitter to the battery but the first thing I noticed and didn’t like was that this call had no remote volume control.  In other words If I wanted to start off soft and then turn the call up as time progressed I would have to get up and walk to the speaker unit where the volume control was located.  That kind of defeated the purpose of a wireless call in my mind.    The more expensive of a call you buy the more sounds the call will be able to make as well.  My cheap call had 1 rabbit sound, 1 coyote howl sound and a coyote pup sound.  The sounds were on a short 30 second loop leaving it up to me to stop and start the call with my remote.  More expensive calls offer a lot more varieties of call sounds.

Important Note-  Using electronic calls is not legal in all areas.  Check your regulations before you spend your money on a call.

When is the best time to call coyotes?

The Best Time To Call A Coyote? When Ever You Can- Photo and Story by Duane Fronek

Seems the million dollar question when it comes to calling coyotes is “When is the Best time to Call Coyotes?” And the answer everyone has heard a million times over is “anytime you can”. Although that may be the case for most coyote hunting addicts, there are certain times that are better than others for these predator calls. I’m going to attempt to break it down so that a guy can better look at his own area and apply the parts of that breakdown to his individual needs. For most coyote hunter’s we tend to develop a certain degree of paranoia when it comes to these animals, and it’s not our fault, the coyote is skilled at putting us in distress. And the only cure is to send anyone of them off to the great beyond before your wife has you committed and medicated by doctors orders. They don’t realize that the paranoia subsides once you start connecting with coyotes, but then you gotta deal with the whisperings of obsessive compulsive disorders or some such yammering in the background. Pay no attention to it and just stay on course, they know nothing of what they speak.

I think the biggest question is the when, like time of day. And the answer is complex in a sense because there are a few variables for the caller to consider. Generally I’ve found mornings to be the best time as all around time to call. The coyote population is still out hunting and very active in the morning. The prey species that coyotes depend on for calories like deer, pups and sheep, are also more active during this time of the day. The thermals are rising helping with scent control, etc. I can’t count the times when out checking my coyote trapline that I’ve seen coyotes out in fields hunting or just passing through. And many of those times I was able to kill them because they just can’t out run a .243 on a steady rest, many have tried and some succeeded but for the most part they just can’t. One would think a coyote you see in broad daylight just can’t be called while your truck is visible but I beg to differ, I have many times seen coyotes during the season out in a field doing what they do and just pull over grab the rifle and a call and get into the field and start throwing puppy whines and howl at them and bingo, ol’wiley turns around and starts trottin’ in, once he’s within range the shows over with one shot and he gets a ride to the fur shed.

Another reason that early mornings are a great time to call is because the busy world around a coyote like the farmers and suburbanites has been quite most of the night, so things are pretty settled. I like to use the mouth call then because I think the coyotes are more relaxed at this time of day because they’ve been undisturbed and are in natural coyote mode. There’s no new sounds out there that may put them in distress or keep them pushed back. I’ve hunted close to more populated areas and can tell you that calling is tough, the coyotes tend to be skittish or skeptical of calls in minutes, and I think it has a lot to do with the high civilized population. As well as smaller or lesser areas to hunt and the areas you can hunt are more apt to be crawling with people from sunup till sun down. And I’ve found that either calling these areas at first light or at night are about the only viable option. Night time mouth call sounds can be difficult unless you have a full moon and a blanket of snow because here in WI., even though we can use a light for night hunting coyotes, it can only be used at the point of kill, no scanning the field your calling looking for eyes. Anyway back to the morning. So I would say the best time to call during hunting in the fall and early spring is mornings, it’s quiet and peaceful things are settled down after a night of rest and the coyote is stealthily sneaking around this time of day looking for a victim who’s screams will shatter the early morning silence signaling the beginning of a bright new day, well maybe not for the bunny but for everything else in the natural world. Also the coyote has his winter coat coming in and still has it in the early spring, which is quite warm and being that mornings these times of year are cooler than any part of the day, they’ll tend to be more active because of that as well in my opinion, this is also when you can hear howls. I’ve noticed even while trapping that those warm Indian Summer days of fall tend to be less productive for hunting predators, the coyotes just aren’t as active then, their coat is too warm for that weather and food is not that big of a concern then. Coyotes eat when they’re hungry, and when they’re hungry, they move.

My second best time to sound the call to the predator in the fall or early spring is the early evening when the sounds of the mouth call or electronic coyote caller are clear. If your in a lesser people populated area coyotes tend to get active a little early. How many times if you’re a bow hunter have you heard coyotes start barking and yipping an hour or so before sundown. Up here in the north woods I hear it quite a bit. And too me that signals they are out and about. There’s less human activity going on to a degree, things are settling down and the coyotes are more at ease. Closer to the suburban areas, not so much. Not saying it can’t be done, but it’s less probable. One of the problems with this time of day though, especially say on your last stand before dark, you can run out of daylight before wiley shows up for supper as opposed to early morning where you have the daylight in your favor. Another thing I’d like to mention with these times of day for calling. You need to know the area your calling in and take into account what activities are taking place. It seems to be more of an issue with the early evening calling than the morning but can still affect the morning. Is there bow hunting going on, four wheeler activity, late afternoon bird hunters etc. These can hinder a coyotes response, not that it’s an issue, we all have the right to pursue the activities we like. We just need to work around each other. With that said, choose your sets wisely so your not interrupted during your hunt, half way through your stand or at the crucial time of the shot and someone comes bumbling along and spooks what was suppose to be your next hat. Fall season is a busy time of the year in the woods and evenings can be like rush hour with deer, coyotes, dogs and other wild animals or livestock compared to mornings but can be just as productive you just need a little more planning and insight of what’s going on in the area in terms of the predators.

Now on to daytime calling during a hunt of the predator. I find daytime calling in the winter to quite be productive when I stand in more rural and backwoods country with less wind. As a coyote hunter, I love winter time calling, it may be more physical work with walking through snow and such but can be quite productive during mid day, giving relief to those mid winter blues. Temps in the winter can be quite cold and I have found that the colder it is, the better your chances at calling a coyote during the day. I’ve called coyotes in at 11am, noon, 1pm, 2pm, etc. and in just minutes, I was successful. During these brutal cold spells the temps are warmer during the day and with that it’s better not just for prey species to be out but for their assailants as well. Why? I believe it has to do with conserving vital energy and calories that are so important this time of year for survival. And this can for the caller can be advantageous. With that and the fact that a lot of outdoor activities have ended, about the only thing going on is cross country skiers, snowmobile’s etc. And I tend to stay away from those areas of activity. If you can’t get away from it, then your back to the morning calling scenario.. You can call all day in the winter in areas with minimal human activity, coyotes are out looking for the opportunity for a meal to get them through the much colder night so they can curl up and stay warm. Another reason daytime calling seems to be better in winter, especially come January and February, is the breeding season is on and coyotes are very active throughout the day. This is good time for taking a ride looking for coyotes out and about and when spotting one immediately set up a game plan for where to set up and call the critter in, it can be that simple at times especially if using a decoy or trap, even if just yards away.

In conclusion, I hope I’ve given you some insight as to what’s best to do in your area during the hunting season as a caller. Asses your situation as to what’s happening on a daily basis that would dictate the best time of day at what time of year that would make canis latrans more susceptible to your deceptive calling ways. By figuring this out for your individual area will put more coyotes in the back of the truck. What’s working for one guy in his area doesn’t mean it’ll work in yours and vise versa . There’s no cut and dried guarantee’s to a successful hunt, it’s all up to the coyote and what’s happening in is world. The more you know what’s going on in his world, the more successful you’ll be bringing him into yours. Good Luck hunting!